Nakhon Pathom is a small province
located just 56 Kms. from Bangkok. The province features an ancient religious
structure called “Phra Pathom Chedi”, the first religious landmark that
signified the influx of Buddhism into Thailand. Nakhon Pathom is also renowned
for its abundant fruits varieties and famous dishes.
situated by the sea, the city prospered during the Dvaravati civilisation.
According to archaeological findings, Nakhon Pathom was the first city to
possess influences of Buddhism and Indian civilisations. From the Phra Pathom
Chedi and other remains discovered in the city area, it is believed that the
city was a centre of civilisation in that era. People of different races settled
in Nakhon Pathom. However, a change in the course of the river caused a draught
that forced the people to migrate and settle on the banks of river, and these
communities developed into towns. The new town was called “Nakhon Chaisi” or
“Sirichai”, leaving Nakhon Pathom deserted for hundreds of years until the reign
of King Rama IV. While His Majesty was in monk hood, he travelled to Nakhon
Pathom and found the Phra Pathom Chedi that he regarded to be the largest pagoda
When King Rama IV ascended to the throne, he commanded
that a bell shaped Chedi be built to cover the former Chedi. The surrounding
area was also renovated and improved. He also commanded that a water canal be
dug to facilitate commuting, which was called Chedi Bucha canal. During the
reign of King Rama V, the construction of railways to the south began, at that
time Nakhon Pathom was still a heavily forested area. King Rama V also commanded
that the town be relocated from Tambon Thana, Amphoe Nakhon Chaisi, to the Phra
Pathom Chedi area as it used to be. Nakhon Pathom has been there ever since.
the reign of King Rama VI, a palace was built at Tambon Sanam Chan as a
temporary residence on his travels and many roads were constructed. A large
bridge was also built over the Chedi Bucha canal, which His Majesty named
“Saphan Charoensattha”. Later, he commanded that the name of Nakhon
Chaisi be changed to Nakhon Pathom, but the name of
the prefecture was still called “Nakhon Chaisi” until the reign of King Rama VII
when the calling of the prefecture was ended. Nakhon Chaisi is now one of the
districts in Nakhon Pathom.
Nakhon Pathom covers an area of 2,168 square kilometres
or 542,081.6 acres. It is divided into 7 administrative districts or Amphoe,
they are: Amphoe Muang Nakhon Pathom, Amphoe Buddhamonthon, Amphoe Sam Phran,
Amphoe Nakhon Chaisi, Amphoe Bang Len, Amphoe Kamphaeng Saen, and Amphoe Don
Toom. Most of the areas are plains with no mountainous land, plateau are found
in the west east of Amphoe Muang and Amphoe Kamphaeng Saen. The plains along the
Tha Cheen River (Nakhon Chaisi River) are the location of Amphoe Nakhon Chaisi,
Amphoe Sam Phran, and Amphoe Bang Len. These fertile lands provide agricultural
area for people, thus most of the residents earn their living from agriculture;
plantations, farming, growing food crops, and fruit orchards. Moreover, Nakhon
Pathom is well known for pomelo, some call the Nakhon Pathom the sweet pomelo
Distances from Amphoe Muang to
neighbouring Amphoe (districts) :
Amphoe Nakhon Chaisi 14 Kms.
Amphoe Buddhamonthon 20 Kms.
Amphoe Sam Phran 21 Kms.
Amphoe Kamphaengsaen 26 Kms.
Amphoe Don Toom 31 Kms.
Amphoe Bang Len 46 Kms.
How to get there
Distances from Nakhon Pathom to
neighbouring provinces :
By Car : From Bangkok, driving on the old route of Petchakasem
Road (Highway No.4) passing Aom Noi, Aom Yai, Sam Phran to Nakhon Pathom or
driving on a new route from Bangkok, passing Buddhamonthon, Nakhon Chaisi to
By Bus : From the Southern Bus Terminal on
Boromrajajonnani Road there are two lines of buses.
Old Route (Bangkok-Aom Yai-Sam Phran-Nakhon Pathom),
there are several lines of 2nd class air-conditioned buses: Bangkok-Nakhon
Pathom, Bangkok-Ratchaburi, and Bangkok-Bangli. There are 2 lines of non
air-conditioned buses: Bangkok-Nakhon Pathom, Bangkok-Ratchaburi, and Bangkok-Suphanburi.
New Route (Bangkok-Buddhamonthon-Nakhon Chaisi-Nakhon
There are 2 lines of 1st class air-conditioned buses:
Bangkok-Nakhon Pathom and Bangkok Dan Chang (blue bus) or taking the 2nd class
of air-conditioned buses of Bangkok-Damnoen Saduak and Bangkok-Ratchaburi.
For more information, contact the Southern Bus Terminal
on Boromrajajonnani Road. Non air-conditioned buses tel: 0 2434 5557-8 and
Air-conditioned buses tel: 0 2435 1199.
By Rail: The State Railway of Thailand operates daily
trains to Nakhon Pathom. For more information contact Bangkoks Hualampong
Railway Grand Station tel: 1690, 0 2223 7010, 0 2223 7020 and the Thonburi
Railway Station tel: 0 2411 3102.