one of Thailand's important ports and coastal provinces, is located
950 kilometers from Bangkok. Occupying an area of 7,393 square
kilometers on the eastern side of the Malaysian Peninsula, the
province is bordered by the States of Kedah (Sai Buri) and Perlis of
Malaysia to the south and the Gulf of Thailand to the east. In
addition, Songkhla borders on Nakhon Si Thammarat and Phatthalung
Provinces to the north, Yala and Pattani Provinces to the south, and
Satun and Phatthalung Provinces to the west.
An undeniably historic town endowed with ancient ruins, arts, and
places of cultural importance, Songkhla, a melting pot of Thais,
Chinese and Malays, charms visitors with its unique traditions,
dialect, and folk entertainment. These characteristics are
reflections of the provinces rich cultural heritage, which has been
preserved and passed down from generations to generations.
Hat Yai, a district of Songkhla, is perhaps better known than the
provincial capital itself. Hat Yai serves as a southern hub of
communication, trading and transportation as well as a gateway to
Malaysia and Singapore. In light of this, Hat Yai has gained
importance as the driving force of economic growth in the southern
History of Songkhla
a medieval pirate stronghold, is a historic, albeit sleepy town with
a thriving fishing community. Another Srivijaya outpost in Thailands
southern region, Songkhla was initially named Sa-thing". Previously
a port and a coastal trading post where Indian, Persian and Arabian
merchants came to exchange their products, the place was named "Sing
Lha" after the 2 lion-shape islands at the mouth of the city's lake.
At present, these 2 islands are Koh Nu (Rat Island) and Koh Maeo
(Cat Island). The old part of Songkhla is located at the present-day
Amphoe Sathing Phra.
the last few decades, Songkhla has been rapidly developed and is
currently a unique attraction worth visiting. Blessed with natural
resources such as fine beaches, enchanting waterfalls, and a
tranquil lake, the province has an abundance of tourist attractions
and an amazing range of seaside resort towns. Moreover, the old
section of Songkhla still maintains its unique identity of ancient
and historical flavors through local architecture and cuisine.
While Songkhla is noted as a fishing community set in a peaceful
atmosphere, Hat Yai, on the other hand, serves as a transportation
and communications hub of the south with links to various
destinations in the neighboring provinces and Malaysia.
Despite being only 30 kilometers apart, Songkhla and Hat Yai have
uniquely contrasting characteristics and are ideal places to visit.
Songkhla is administratively divided into 16 districts: Muang
Songkhla, Ranot, Krasae Sin, Sathing Phra, Singhanakhon, Khuan Niang,
Rattaphum, Bang Klam, Hat Yai, Na Mom, Chana, Thepha, Na Thawi, Saba
Yoi, Sadao, and Khlong Hoi Khong.
Distances from Amphoe Muang Songkhla
to Neighboring Districts:
Ranot 73 kms.
Hat Yai 26 kms.
Krasae Sin 74 kms.
Na Mom 34 kms.
Sathing Phra 36 kms.
Chana 37 kms.
Singhanakhon 26 kms.
Thepha 73 kms.
Khuan Niang 72 kms.
Na Thawi 52 kms.
Rattaphum 60 kms.
Saba Yoi 104 kms.
Bang Klam 46 kms.
Sadao 70 kms.
Klong Hoi Khong 43 kms.
Yai, which is situated approximately 28 kilometers from the city of
Songkhla, is an important gateway to Malaysia and Singapore.
Strategically located only 60 kilometers from the port of entry at
Sadao, Hat Yai has only recently been developed and has rapidly been
transformed into the commercial, transportation, communication,
educational, and tourism hub of the south. Tourists enjoy shopping
at Hat Yai for various goods ranging from fresh produce to consumer
products such as electrical appliances. The area of Niphat Uthit 1,
2, or 3 Roads is where major commercial shops are located. Several
shopping centers available include Lido Shopping Center, Odeon
Shopping Center, Sanehanuson, Hat Yai Plaza Shopping Center, and Si
Kimyong Market on Phetkasem Road.
How to get there
From Bangkok: take Highway 4 passing Prachuap Khiri Khan, Chumphon, Surat Thani,
Nakhon Si Thammarat,Trang and Phatthalung Provinces in order to reach Songkhla
Province. The total distance is 950 kilometers.
From Bangkok: There are daily buses from Bangkok to Songkhla and Hat Yai. The
journey takes about 13 hours. For the current schedule and further information
contact the Southern Bus Terminal at tel: 02 435 1199-200 or visit
www.transport.co.th. For Hat Yai, call the Transport Co., Ltd. (Bo Kho So) at
tel: 074 23 2789, 0 7423 2404, Piya Tour 0 7442 8972, Thai Doen Rot 0 7442 9525.
From Hat Yai
From Hat Yai Bus Terminal, there are buses to Bangkok and other provinces in the
south. Buses depart from a small bus station located across the ferry station in
the city. They include daily 2nd class buses that depart for Bangkok 4 times a
day (437 baht). There is also one VIP bus that runs directly to Bangkok
departing at 4.45 p.m. with a fare of 870 baht. In addition, first-class buses
leave for Bangkok twice daily (562 baht) in late afternoon and in the evening.
In addition, there are also buses depart from the same terminal to Chumphon (245
baht), Nakhon Si Thammarat (100 baht) and Surat Thani (150 baht).
Pho Thong Transportation Co., Ltd. (tel. 0 7431 1126) provides bus services from
Songkhla to Hat Yai.
Minivans and share taxis normally leave from Ramwithi Road for Hat Yai at the
rate of approximately 20-30 baht/person.
Minivans depart from the southern part of Sisuda Road to Pattani and Yala at the
rate of 70 baht.
Ranot Transportation Co., Ltd. (tel. 0 7431 1523) operates buses from Songkhla
to Nakhon Si Thammarat.
The State Railway of Thailand provides daily rapid and express train services
from Bangkok to Hat Yai. The trains depart from Bangkok's Hualamphong Railway
Station at 12.25 p.m., 2.20 p.m., 2.45 p.m., 3.50 p.m. and 10.50 p.m. Travel
time is about 17 hours. For further information call 1690, 0 2223 7020, 0 2223
7030 or Hat Yai Railway Station at 0 7424 3705, 0 7423 8005 or visit
Thai Airways International has several daily flights connecting Bangkok and
Phuket with Hat Yai. For more information, contact their Bangkok office at tel.
1566, 0 2280 0060, 0 2628 2000, their Hat Yai office at tel. 0 7424 5851-2, or
view their website at
Air Asia operates several daily flights on route Bangkok Hat Yai. The flight
time is 1.20 hours. Visit
www.airasia.com to reserve your seat online, or simply call 02 5159999 for
Orient Thai provides three daily flights connecting Bangkok and Hat Yai. The
flight time is 1.25 hours. Call 1126 to make reservations or visit
make online reservations.
Nok Air operates three daily flights between Bangkok and Hat Yai. The flight
time is 1.30 hours. Call 1318 for reservations or visit
www.nokair.com to purchase
Phuket Air offers a daily flight connecting Hat Yai and Phuket. The flight time
is 1.25 hours. Call 02 679 8999 for reservations or visit
for more information.
Getting around the city
Songthaews around the city would cost 10 baht / trip. Motorcycle taxis around
town cost between 10 baht and 20 baht (daytime). There are several guesthouses
in town that provide bicycle and motorcycle rental services at the rate of
approximately 100 baht / day and 200 baht / day respectively.