in the tropical zone off the west coast of the southern part of
Thailand in the
Sea and the
Ocean, the province
covers an area of approximately 543 square kilometers (excluding small islets).
It is estimated that
Province covers an area of
approximately 590 square kilometers if its 39 other small islands are included.
The islands total length, from north to south, is estimated at 48.7 kilometers
and approximately 21.3 kilometers wide.
Phuket borders on
Province to the north. The
other 3 sides are encircled by the
Sea the place where many of
the best diving sites are located. The island is connected to
on the island is easy, as there are only two seasons in a year - the rainy
season (May to
October) and the hot season (November
to April). Visitors are not recommended to travel to Phuket between September
October as they are the wettest
months. The best period for a visit, is from November to February, when it is
possible to see the clear blue sky, feel the fresh sea breeze and marvel at the
crystal clear water while lying on powdery, palm-fringed beaches. Average
temperatures ranges between 23
geologists believe that the area known as Phuket today was once a cape that
extended into the
formations gradually changed the capes location, finally detaching it from the
Greek philosopher, Claudius Ptolemy, was the first person who mentioned the cape
in his book written in the year 157. The cape was locally referred to as Jung
Ceylon, which was located
between latitudes 6 N and 8 N (the present site of
Island). Natives called the
place Cha Lang, which evolved to Tha Lang the name of the main town to the north
of the island.
perfect stopover sheltering traders from monsoons, Jung
Ceylon welcomed merchants
China and also
Siam. During the 16th
century, the island was also a popular trading port for tin with Portuguese,
Dutch, English and French traders flocking to the island. This contributed to
making the development of mining so unprecedented. Chinese businessmen and
miners later migrated to Phuket and soon enjoyed thriving business wealth.
Apart from serving as a meeting point for traders from Europe, Central Asia and
China, Phuket also attracted
ambitious immigrants, especially those from
China, to work in the tin
mines. With its colorful history, visitors admire the Sino-Portuguese style
architecture in the city especially those buildings located along the Thalang
and Yaowarat Roads.
town was surrounded by Burmese troops who invaded the coastal area in 1785. It
was under the leadership of Chan, the widow of the governor, and her sister, Muk,
who united local residents and successfully fought and drove the invaders out of
Phuket. It took over 30 days for the defending troops of Phuket, under the
command of Chan and Muk, to claim their victory. As a result of such heroic
deeds, noble titles were granted to Chan and Muk as Thao Thep Krasattri and Thao
Si Sunthon respectively. To honor them, a monument was established at Tha Ruea
Intersection, 12 kilometers to the north of
City in 1966. They are
still highly respected by Phuket residents even today.
24 years later, the Burmese succeeded in seizing Thalang causing many local
residents to flee to Phang-nga and Krabi. In 1825, some of them returned to re-establish
a town and established a rice farming community.
On the other hand, the area to the
south of the island (Phuket
City today) was developed
and became a tin trading center.
Phuket was elevated to a town in 1850, it attracted more immigrants from Thalang
and nearby communities. In 1894, Phuket was promoted to be a Monthon
administrative unit under the supervision of the central administrative body (located
Phraya Ratsada Korsimbi, a Sino-Thai businessman who contributed to developing
the modern city of
Phuket was appointed Governor of
Phuket. He also helped to improve the welfare of local residents and set up the
market system in the countryside. In 1916, Phuket became a province.
tin mining industry has gradually failed to generate economic growth in Phuket,
especially after 1985 when the price of tin fell by half. However, with its
natural resources, Phuket later emerged as a tourist destination with great
potential. This polished pearl of the Andaman is truly a destination that
provides visitors with memorable experiences.
islands long history has shaped the distinctive Phuket of the present with its
diverse ethnic groups, culture, architectural influence, and fine cuisine. With
approximately 35 percent of the population being comprised of Thai-Muslims, it
is possible to see an equal number of Wats (Thai temples) located next to